By Max Klietmann, VP of Research, LSN
We are all aware that the IPO market has been less than stellar in recent history. This lack of exit opportunities has been particularly troubling for companies in the life sciences space due to the long time to market and considerable regulatory risk associated with drug development. Logically, M&A exits via strategic buyers has become the predominant exit route for many emerging biotech and medtech companies. M&A is of course not a new phenomeneon, however there is a significant trend in how these deals are being structured. Increasingly, M&A activity in the industry has been characterized by “acquisition via earn-out.”
Earn-outs are essentially pre-defined payments based on specific milestones. As an example, a strategic buyer would buy out an early-stage company (or asset) at phase IIa for a relatively small amount. Then, as the asset hits specific milestones (typically regulatory milestones), payments are triggered. One can think of it almost as a risk-adjusted buyout over time.
The advantage to this deal structure of course is that strategic buyers can afford to engage in more buyouts without putting too much capital at risk in the event of a failed trial. This is good for entrepreneurs and corporate buyers alike, who can diversify their bets on a myriad of assets.
This has overwhelmingly become the model for buyouts in recent time, and will likely become the standard. Moreover, the proportion of money in the upfront payment-versus-milestone payments is shifting as well. This means that entrepreneurs in the space seeking to exit via a strategic partner are likely to see an uptick in exit opportunities via this type of deal model. In turn, patients will see more drugs make it to market, and investors will see a significantly less volatile industry. All-in-all, this is a trend that is bound to solidify its position as an industry standard.